Author: Shaykh Muhammad Nasir ud-Din al-Albani
must have taqwaa (fear and reverence of Allaah). He must strive to avoid what
He forbade. [Refer Al-Qur'aan 2:197]
sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said: "He who performs
Hajj and does not speak obscenely or commit evil will return clean from his
sins just as the day his mother gave birth to him." [Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree,
vol.2, no.596, p.347]. If he did so, his Hajj would be righteous (mabroor).
Allaah subhanahu's Messenger sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said: "The
righteous hajj has no lesser reward than Jannah (Paradise)." [Saheeh
Muslim, vol.2, p.680, no.3127].
Thus, it is
necessary to warn against some violations that many commit, either ignorantly
We have seen
many people (during Hajj) fall victims to shirk (joining Partners with Allaah
subhanahu. For example, they pray to other than Allaah subhanahu for the removal
of distress, they seek aid from deceased prophets and pious people, they invoke
them instead of Allaah subhanahu and they make oaths by them out of unjustified
glorification. By such actions they completely nullify their Hajj, as Allaah
subhanahu says (what means): "If you were to join gods
with Allaah, truly fruitless will be your deeds." [Al-Qur'aan 39:65].
Shaving the Beard
Some men adorn
themselves by shaving off their beards. This is a sinful deed that involves
four separate violations of Islaam:
a) It is a disobedience
of the Prophet's sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam clear command to leave the
b) It is an imitation of the unbelievers.
c) It is an alteration of Allaah's creation.
d) It is an imitation of women.
avoid wearing gold
rings is prohibited for men. This applies particularly to the type known today
as wedding-rings, as that incurs the further sin of imitating the Christians.
the correct type of Hajj
It is very
rare for pilgrims these days to bring the hadee (sacrificial animal) along with
them, as the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam did. There is no blame for
this. However, anyone who has not brought the hadee with him should intend to
perform Hajj of Tamattu'.
at Minaa and Muzdalifah
One must not
neglect to stay at Minaa on the night preceding the Day of 'Arafah. This is
an obligation (waajib) that was practiced and enjoined by the Prophet sallallaahu
'alayhi wa sallam. [Saheeh Muslim, vol.2, p.615].
One must also
stay at Muzdalifah on the following night until he prays fajr there. If one
misses staying there (because of delays on the way) then he must at least pray
fajr there, as that is even more obligatory - rather, it is a rukn (pillar)
of hajj according to the most correct view of the scholars. However, this does
not apply to women and the weak, for they have been permitted to depart from
Muzdalifah after the middle of the night.
passing in front of praying people
One must carefully
avoid passing directly in front of a praying person. This applies to those praying
in al-Masjid ul-Haram (the Sacred Mosque in Makkah), as well as in other mosques
and places; the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam said: "If
the one passing in front of a praying person knew what he incurs on himself
(of sins), he would rather stand still for forty (One of the narrators of this
hadeeth declares uncertainty whether the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam
mentioned days, months, or years following the number), than pass in front of
him." [Saheeh Muslim, vol.1, p.261, no.1027].
This is a
general text applying to everyone who prays or who passes in front of a praying
person. There is no authentic hadeeth excluding al-Masjid ul-haraam from this
ruling. Thus, just like praying anywhere else, one must pray there toward a
sutrah. This is due to the general nature of the hadeeth regarding the sutrah,
as well as specific authentic narrations concerning the practice of the Companions.
of those who know
the people of knowledge and virtue should teach other pilgrims, whenever meeting
with them, the rites and legislations of Hajj according to the Book and the
Sunnah. Furthermore, this should not hinder them from calling to Tawheed, which
is the essence of Islaam; it is the reason for which the Messengers were sent
and the Books revealed. Most of the people whom we have met, even some of those
who are supposed to be knowledgeable, are in total ignorance of the real meaning
of Tawheed and of Allaah's attributes.
easy for people, is one of the principles of the Sharee'ah (Islaamic Law). However
if there is a specific text, then laxity based on mere opinion is no longer
permissible. This is the just and middle course binding upon every Muslim.
a number of actions that are permissible during hajj, but some pilgrims have
become used to avoiding them due to fatwaas (verdicts) issued by some scholars,
that conflict with the practice of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam,
some of which are:
1. Bathing, without
need to because of wet-dreams (ihtilaam), even if it involves rubbing the
head - as it is authentically reported by Aboo Ayyoob radiallaahu 'anhu that
the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam did it. [Saheeh Muslim, vol.2, p.595,
2. Scratching the head,
even if some hair falls out. This is indicated in the preceding hadeeth of
3. Smelling aromatic
plants and pulling off broken nails - as was instructed by Ibn 'Abbaas radiallaahu
'anhu [Al-Bayhaqee with an authentic chain of narration] and Sa'eed bin al-Musayyib
[Muwatta, p.163, no.787].
4. Taking shade under
a tent or an upheld garment as this is authentically reported from the Prophet's
sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam action. [Saheeh Muslim, vol.2, p.580, no.2656].
Some people remove the roofs of their cars (in order not to be shaded)! This
is an excessiveness in the Religion without permission from the Lord of the
5. Wearing a belt around
the izhaar (A plain piece of clothing wrapped around the lower half of a man's
body). and tying it when necessary; also wearing rings, watches, eyeglasses,
or money-pouches around the neck, as there is no prohibition for any of that;
besides, some reports from 'Aa'eshah and 'Atta' indicate permission to use
such things. [Muwatta, p.147, no.707]
All of these
things fall under the above principle. Furthermore, some of them are supported
by authentic ahaadeeth from the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam or by
narrations from the Companions - and Allaah subhanahu says: "Allaah
intends every facility for you, He does not want to put you into difficulties."
is for Allaah Lord of the worlds.